Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel Northern Ireland

The Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2009 is a tariff based scheme for the payment of compensation in cases of criminal injury where the injury was sustained on or after 1 April 2009 in Northern Ireland.

The Criminal Injuries Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 2002 came into effect on 1 May 2002. It introduced the Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2002. It also made provision for the establishment of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel for Northern Ireland, which acts totally independently of the Compensation Services.

The Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2009 is a Tariff based scheme for the payment of compensation in cases of criminal injury, where the injury was sustained on or after 1 April 2009 in Northern Ireland.

A guide to CICAP

Cases of historic sexual abuse between 11th June 1968 and 30th April 2002 may also be considered under this scheme if they would have failed under previous legislation because they were not made within the required time limit. Please note that if the incidents happened between 11th June 1968 & 30th June 1988 and the victim lived in the same household as the offender no compensation can be paid. Please see the 'Child abuse and the NI Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme Guide' listed in our guide section for further information.

The Panel is funded by the Northern Ireland Courts and Tribunals Service (NICTS). The Northern Ireland Judicial Appointments Commission appoints the chairman and panel members. The membership is drawn mainly from the legal and medical professions but includes lay members. The Panel is supported by a Branch Manager and administrative staff with its headquarters located at:

Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel Northern Ireland
The Tribunals Hearing Centre
2nd Floor, Royal Courts of Justice
Chichester Street
Belfast BT1 3JF

Tel: 0300 200 7812


The purpose of the Appeals Panel is to support the victims of violent crime by determining promptly, impartially, fairly and independently in accordance with the Scheme, appeals against review decisions made by the Compensation Services.


The Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel for Northern Ireland (CICAPNI) is part of a new tariff based system for dealing with claims for compensation introduced from 1 May 2002 by the Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2002.

The Panel is a non-statutory tribunal with 21 Panel Members, including the Chairman, with its headquarters in Belfast. The Office is administered and funded by the Northern Ireland Courts and Tribunals Service which is an Agency of the Department of Justice for Northern Ireland. It operates independently of the Compensation Services.

The Panel's role is to determine appeals against reviewed decisions made by the Compensation Service arising from claims for criminal injuries compensation for incidents that occurred on and after 1 May 2002.

Schemes for the payment of compensation to the victims of crimes of violence have been in existence in Northern Ireland for over 30 years. For all incidents happening before 1 May 2002 claims for compensation made to the Compensation Services are dealt with under either the Criminal Injuries (Compensation) Order (Northern Ireland) 1988, the Criminal Injuries (Compensation) Order (Northern Ireland) 1977 or the Criminal Injuries (Compensation) Order (Northern Ireland) 1968 and payment is made on the basis of common law damages. The Criminal Injuries Compensation Services will continue to administer the old Schemes in parallel with the new Scheme in order to resolve outstanding claims for compensation made before 1 May 2002. Appeals under the old Schemes will continue to be dealt with by the County Court for the foreseeable future.

The new Schemes makes changes to both the administration and the substance of compensation for criminal injuries. The most significant are that payments, which were formally made on an ex-gratia basis, are now made as of right; a victim's general damages for pain and suffering and loss of amenity have been replaced by a tariff of awards; and the entitlement to and amount of awards are now assessed by claims officers, who are civil servants employed by the Agency. The rules as to eligibility for an award generally remain unaltered.

Injuries sustained after the 1st April 2009 will fall under the Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2009

Chairman and Panel Members CV's

Below are the names and some background information on the Chairman and Panel Members of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel for Northern Ireland.


Mrs Patricia McKaigue qualified as a Solicitor in 1983 and lives in Belfast. She has over thirty years’ experience working in both the private and public sectors.

Panel Members

Mr Harry Black is a retired barrister. He has over 30 years’ experience appearing for clients in the Northern Ireland Courts, mostly in matters of criminal law, personal injury litigation and criminal injury appeals. He is also a part-time, legally qualified member of the Appeals Service of Northern Ireland and is Co-Chairman of the Care Tribunal of Northern Ireland.

Mr Francis Farrelly is a self-employed Barrister at Law practising in general civil and criminal work. He is a part-time Chairman of a Social Security Appeals Panel. He is also a Member of the Northern Ireland Valuation Tribunal.

Mrs Frances Gawn was a nurse, midwife and health visitor who has had experience in the statutory voluntary and private sectors both in Northern Ireland and England. Has been a member of numerous working groups both locally and nationally and a campaigner for service standards.

Mr Robert Hall, OBE QGM MA MCIPD is a retired senior police officer. He lives in Co Antrim and is currently working as a part-time training consultant nationally.

Mr Kenneth Harper is a retired senior Fire Officer. He served as Deputy Chief Officer in the Northern Ireland Fire Brigade and as National Commander of the New Zealand Fire Service. He is a Winston Churchill Fellow.

Mr Patrick Killen is a former Chief Executive of the Tyrone Crystal group of companies and had in-depth experience of industry in all its complexities. He is now an independent Management Consultant and has served on various Boards in the Public, Private and Voluntary sectors. He serves as Chairman of the Northern Ireland Citizens Charter Panel and was also a Judge in the UK wide Charter Mark Award Scheme.

Mr Con McAlister is a self-employed Solicitor. He holds a number of other public appointments including, part-time Chairman of the Appeals Service of Northern Ireland, part-time President of the Mental Health Review Tribunal, Deputy Chairman of the Central Service Agency's Discipline Committees.

Dr Robin McKee is a retired General Practitioner and former Medical Director for North and West Belfast HSS Trust. He has extensive experience in both Disability and Social Security Appeals Panels.

Mrs Elizabeth Monaghan is a practising Solicitor and a member of the Western Health and Social Services Board Discipline Committee.

Mr David Moore is an early-retired lecturer in Law at the Queen's University of Belfast. A former General Commissioner of Income Tax and former Chairman of the Housing Benefit Review Board, Western Area, and of the Agriculture Appeals Panel, he is Presiding Lay Magistrate for Northern Ireland and a member of the First-tier Tribunals (Tax Chamber). A member of the Rent Assessment Panel for Northern Ireland, he also sits as a Member of the Exceptional Circumstances Body (DENI). Formerly Chairman of the Northern Ireland Water Council and a Member of the Consumer Council he is currently a Member of the Trustees, National Museums Northern Ireland. He has a seat on the Northern Ireland Judges’ Council. 

Dr Marie Goss Phd A.B.Ps.S was admitted as a member of the Health Professionals Council in May 2011 and the British Psychological Society in May 1982.

Dr Goss currently works as an independent practitioner and provides sessional clinical neuropsychology input to a multi-professional team providing community based rehabilitation for people following acquired brain injury and stroke.  She has a direct clinical role, offering specialist assessment, formulation and intervention to clients and families.  She is also providing a clinical service to Headway Belfast.

From January 1988 to June 2012 Dr Goss worked for the NHS, South and East Belfast Trust and Belfast Health and Social Care Trust.  Throughout this period she has held Consultant Clinical Psychologist positions in the area of Neuropsychology and Acquired Brain Injury Services, Older Adults and Active Mental Health Services.

Dr Goss has recently completed a service review for a healthcare provider, with a remit to review existing service provision within a specified geographical region and makes recommendations as to how services should be configured to ensure maximum benefit to the client group, whilst operating within existing resources.

Dr Gerard Lynch MD. FRCPsych is currently employed by the Northern Health and Social Care Trust as a Consultant Psychiatrist and a Clinical Director in the Mental Health Directorate of the Trust.  He has been a psychiatrist since 1994 and currently leads in the crisis resolution home treatment team (CRHTT).

His duties include the assessment and management in the community of those whose mental illness is so acute as to require intensive multidisciplinary treatment and monitoring.  He works as one of two consultants in the CRHTT and receives 250 referrals per month with patients who present as acute psychiatric emergencies and carrying out assessments and formulating treatment plans.  Dr Lynch also works with the Team Leader to provide supervision to other members of the team and ensure proper governance arrangements are in place.

He has been a Clinical Director since 2003 and has a wide range of management responsibilities including the investigation of complaints and adverse events, service planning and management of medical staff.

Dr Ian Ryans completed his vocational training as a General Medical Practitioner in 1992.  He has been practicing as a partner at Dundonald Medical Centre since 2007. He was previously a partner at Castle Practice, Carrickfergus between 1996 and 2007.

Dr Ryans has a particular interest in musculoskeletal conditions. Between 1994 and 2013 he worked on a sessional basis for the South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust as a Hospital Practitioner in Rheumatology.  He has undertaken and published research projects on the management of painful shoulder.  He continues to be involved in the development of musculoskeletal and rheumatology services in the primary care sector.

Dr Ryans has been a Medical Member of the Social Security Appeals Tribunal since 1994.

Dr Eileen Atchison MB BCh BAO,MRCGGP DCH DRCOG DCCH DSRH DPsychsex has been a principle in General Practice since 1985, having obtained training and additional qualifications in child and women’s health, and her MRCGP in 1994.

She is currently senior partner working part time in a semi- rural practice of 7900 patients.

She became a GP trainer in 1990 and is still actively involved in training and education at undergraduate and postgraduate level with attached speciality trainees.

She was appointed as a Speciality Doctor in Community Sexual Health by Belfast Trust in 1990 and continues with this post weekly.  This post also involves teaching medical students as part of gynaecology training.

She pursued her interest in psychosexual medicine, obtaining Diplomat level.

She was appointed as a part-time medical member of the Appeals Service in 1989 and has continued in this post, assessing as a panel member for DLA and ESA appeals.

Dr Kate Roddie was a General Practitioner who took early retirement from a Group Practice and was one of the founding members of the South East Belfast GP out of hours service and a former fundholding director of Eastern Multifund.

She had also been company Doctor in Northern Ireland for a large multinational company.

Since 1989, she has been a Disability Analyst, examining across all benefits.  Latterly, she advised Decision Makers, medical professionals and the Compensation Recovery Unit and had been training Health Care Professionals in benefit examination guidelines and assessments.

Dr Chris Kelly is a Consultant Psychiatrist currently working in private practice.  He has 24 years’ experience working as a consultant in the Belfast and Northern Trusts.

He is also an Honorary Senior Lecturer at the Queens University Belfast.  He has an extensive research experience in mood disorders and the pharmacological treatment of mental disorders. Dr Kelly has been involved in teaching students, both undergraduate and postgraduate, from a range of disciplines.

In addition he acts as a medical assessor for the General Osteopathic Council in London and has involvement as an independent psychiatrist in serious incident reviews for trusts locally in Northern Ireland.


CICAPNI's annual reports from 2007 onwards are now incorporated within that of the Northern Ireland Courts and Tribunals Service.

Reports for previous years have been archived and can be obtained by contacting:

Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel Northern Ireland
The Tribunals Hearing Centre
2nd Floor, Royal Courts of Justice
Chichester Street
Belfast BT1 3JF

Tel: 0300 0200 7812



Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2002

The Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel for Northern Ireland (CICAPNI) is part of a new tariff based system for dealing with claims for compensation introduced from 1 May 2002 by the Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2002.

Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2002 can be viewed at the Compensation Services website.

Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2009

Injuries sustained after 1st April 2009 will be dealt with under the Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2009 which can be viewed on the Compensation Services website.

Northern Ireland Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2009 can be viewed at the Compensation Services website

Contact Us

The Appeals Panel Belfast
The Tribunals Hearing Centre
2nd Floor, Royal Courts of Justice
Chichester Street
Belfast BT1 3JF

Tel: 0300 0200 7812


Useful Contacts

The Presenting Officer (POS)
The Compensation Services
6th Floor, Millennium House
Great Victoria Street
Belfast BT2 7AQ

Tel: 0300 200 887

Fax: 028 9026 1336



Victim Support Northern Ireland
Annsgate House
70/74 Ann Street

Tel: 028 90244039

Fax: 028 90313838


Guide to Appeals Procedures

Example notice of appeal form

(Paragraphs 61-82 of the Scheme)

If you consider that there are grounds for contesting the result of the Review, you may appeal within 90 days from the date on our letter giving you notice of the Review decision to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel Northern Ireland (The Panel).

Your application must be made in writing on the Notice of Appeal and you should explain in detail why you disagree with the Review decision. You should also send any relevant additional information you have to support your appeal application.

Appeal Concerning Awards

A member of staff of the Panel may refer your appeal for an oral hearing if your appeal is against a Review decision:

  • not to pay an award;
  • to make a full award or a reduced award;
  • to seek repayment of an award; or
  • to reconsider an award before actual payment of the award has been made.

When an appeal is received outside the 90 day time limit, it will be referred to an adjudicator. The adjudicator will refer your case for an oral hearing where he/she considers that:

  • an award in accordance with the Scheme could have been made although the Review decision was not to make an award because the injury was not sufficiently serious to qualify for the minimum amount of compensation;
  • there is a dispute about the material facts or conclusions on which the Review decision was made and that a different decision could have been made;
  • the appeal cannot be concluded on the basis of the material available to him/her; or
  • for any other reason an oral hearing would be desirable.

If your appeal is not referred for an oral hearing, the adjudicator's dismissal of the appeal will be final and the Review decision will stand. In such circumstances the Panel will notify you and the Compensation Services in writing of the dismissal of the appeal and the reasons for it. The Compensation Services will then make the necessary arrangements for the acceptance and payment of any award which was made during the course of the Review.

Time Limits

The time limit of 90 days for submitting an appeal may be extended in exceptional circumstances if a member of staff considers that:

  • a request from you within the time limit is based on good reasons; or
  • it would be in the interests of justice to do so.

If a member of staff considers that the time limit should not be extended, your request will be referred to the Chairman or an adjudicator for a decision. The decision not to extend the time limit will be final.

Appeals Concerning Time Limits and Re-opening of Cases

You may appeal against a decision:

not to waive the time limit of 2 years for submitting an application for compensation; or

  • not to extend the 90 days time limit for applying for a review; or
  • not to re-open a case on medical grounds.

Your appeal will be considered by the Chairman or an adjudicator. A decision by either of them to dismiss an appeal in these circumstances will be final. If your appeal is allowed, the Compensation Services will be instructed to:

  • waive the 2 year time limit and consider the application for compensation; or
  • conduct a review; or
  • allow the case to be re-opened.

If you are given an oral hearing, you will normally be informed in writing at least 21 days in advance of the date proposed for your hearing.

The hearing will be held before at least 2 adjudicators and you will be able to give evidence on your own behalf and bring witnesses you think might help your case.

You may choose to be represented at the hearing but the Compensation Services or Panel will not pay the costs of any legal advice or representation you may incur in connection with your appeal.

The adjudicators may, however, authorise the payment of reasonable travel expenses incurred by you or your witnesses who attend the hearing to give evidence.

The adjudicators will consider all aspects of your case and will give you their reasons for the decisions they make. This may be a higher or lower award than any previous assessment, or no award at all.

If the adjudicators consider that your appeal was frivolous or vexations, they may reduce the amount of compensation awarded to you.

Oral Hearing of Appeals

If you have any queries about this leaflet, please contact The Panel at the address listed below. Alternatively you may wish to contact Victim Support for Northern Ireland who will also be able to provide assistance.

Criminal Injuries Appeals Panel for Northern Ireland
2nd Floor, Royal Courts of Justice
Chichester Street
Belfast BT1 3JF

Tel: 028 9041 2204 or 028 9041 2261

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. You stated in your letter that the hearing would take place in approximately 3 months and I haven't heard anything since.

A1. When a hearing has been granted by the Panel, the Presenting Officer (PO) of the Compensation Services is responsible for gathering evidence (called the hearings documents) to be used at your hearing. Until the PO has prepared these documents we are unable to send them to you or list your case for hearing. Panel staff will try to ensure this happens as quickly as possible by contacting the PO about all outstanding appeals. If there is undue delay in your case we will find out from the PO the reason for the delay and let you know the position.


Q2. How is the hearing arranged and who are the Panel?

A2. When you were granted a hearing you were sent a booklet entitled "Your Panel Hearing". Please read it carefully as it does explain what happens. Your hearing will normally take place at the Panel's Headquarters in Belfast before a three member Panel which will generally include a lawyer.


Q3. I notice from the Hearing Summary that you will be inviting the person that injured me to the hearing and I do not want to come into contact with this person. What can you do about this?

A3. We are given the names of witnesses to invite by the Compensation Services Presenting Officer. In regard to the alleged assailant, if you are afraid of meeting him/her, let us know. We will then ask whether he/she wishes to attend the hearing. Only if we receive written confirmation that he/she does wish to attend do we provide that person with details of the hearing. They are not provided with Hearing papers. But we can, in such a situation, arrange separate waiting accommodation for you and, if you wish, a member of our staff can meet you outside the hearing centre and escort you into the hearings area so that you do not have to meet the alleged assailant. However our experience is that the alleged assailant does not often attend hearings.


Q4. How much notice will I be given of my hearing?

A4. You will be given at least 3 weeks notice of your hearing date. Where necessary and if possible we will make arrangements by phone.


Q5. Can you tell me if my hearing will take place at the time stated as I have to collect my children from school?

A5. Cases listed before yours may overrun and it is not easy to say exactly when your hearing will start. The Panel's receptionist will keep you informed of how the day's list is progressing but it may be sensible to arrange for someone else to collect your children on that day. Also bring something to read (just in case there is some delay). If you do have a deadline by which you must leave, let the receptionist know when you arrive.


Q6. Can I claim car parking charges for the hearing?

A6. Only if you are disabled with a disabled badge in your car. Otherwise we pay only the public mileage/transport rate to and from the hearing.


Q7. If I am self-employed, what documentary evidence must I provide to the Panel when claiming loss of earnings for the day of the hearing?

A7. The Panel will accept any of the following documents:

  • a copy of your latest tax return; or
  • a letter from your accountant; or
  • a letter from the contractor (for whom you would have worked on the day of the hearing stating what your loss is and whether it is gross or net) where there is an ongoing contract.

Q8. When can I expect to receive a cheque for loss of earnings incurred on the hearing date?

A8. Provided all the documentation is in order payment is made within 28 days of the claim being approved.


Q9. When can I expect to receive payment if I am granted an award?

A9. This is paid by the Compensation Services normally within 2 weeks of the Panel making their decision and you signing the acceptance form.

If you have any queries about payments you should ring the Compensation Services on 0300 200 887.


Q10. My client attended a recent hearing. He/she received a record of the hearings decision but can I have a copy of the Panel's reasons?

A10. Yes - provided you still represent your client and your client authorises this disclosure.


Q11. My client attended a recent hearing but wishes to make a complaint. What should he/she do?

A11.Your client should make his/her complaint within 3 months of the hearing and should write to the Branch Manager at:

Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel Northern Ireland
The Tribunals Hearing Centre
2nd Floor, Royal Courts of Justice
Chichester Street
Belfast BT1 3JF

The letter should be marked 'complaint'. The complaint will be acknowledged and then investigated by a senior member of staff. You should receive a reply within 15 working days.


Q12. We wish to seek Judicial Review (JR) of the Panel's decision. What should we do?

A12. In the first instance you should write to the Panel at the above address and ask for the written reasons for their decision within 30 days. If you are still not happy with the decision, you should seek legal advice.


Q13. Do the Panel's actions come under the responsibility of the Ombudsman?

A13. Yes. The Northern Ireland Assembly Ombudsman is responsible for investigating complaints of maladministration. Such complaints must be put to him through a Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly.


Back to top