Justice Minister Naomi Long MLA today introduced the Domestic Abuse and Family Proceedings Bill 2020 to the Assembly. The Bill will create a new domestic abuse offence for Northern Ireland which will capture patterns of controlling and coercive behaviour, as well as physical abuse, against a partner, former partner or family member.
The legislation is required to close a gap in the law and ensure that protection for victims is not limited to physically violent behaviour, as at present.
Speaking after introduction of the Bill, Naomi Long said:
This is an important step, to introduce the Domestic Abuse and Family Proceedings Bill to the Assembly today, and I look forward to working with my colleagues in the Assembly as well as our criminal justice and voluntary and community sector partners as the Bill progresses towards becoming law.
As Justice Minister, I am committed to ensuring that victims of domestic abuse are afforded the proper protection. This legislation will make domestic abuse, in all its forms, a criminal offence and is not limited to physically violent behaviour. From speaking to victims and survivors it is clear that psychological abuse in a domestic setting can be as damaging as physical abuse, if not more so. This new domestic abuse offence will send out a clear message that domestic abuse will not be tolerated in any form.
The legislation will also provide greater protection to victims of domestic abuse by extending the prohibition on cross-examination in person, as well as automatic eligibility for consideration for special measures in criminal proceedings and prohibiting cross-examination in person in family proceedings in certain circumstances.
The effect that domestic abuse can have on children is also reflected in the offence. For this reason, where the victim in a relationship is under 18, where a child sees, hears or is present during an incident of abusive behaviour or where a child is used to abuse a victim, there may be an enhanced sentence.
I also want domestic abuse to be recognised where this is part of other offences. For example, if someone damages their partner’s car to cause them harm, the offence of criminal damage could have an increased sentence due to be aggravated by domestic abuse.
Notes to editors:
1. The Domestic Abuse and Family Proceedings Bill 2020 was introduced to the Assembly on Tuesday 31 March 2020.
2. The Bill includes the creation of a new domestic abuse offence, two child aggravators associated with that offence, a statutory aggravation of domestic abuse associated with any other offence, and a number of associated changes to criminal procedures, evidence and sentencing in domestic abuse related cases.
3. Early in 2016 the Department launched a public consultation which sought views on whether a specific offence should be created to captures patterns of coercive and controlling behaviour in intimate and family relationships, in line with the new definition of domestic abuse contained within the seven year domestic and sexual violence strategy. Respondents generally agreed that creating a specific offence would be a positive step towards ensuring that certain types of abuse are not overlooked or treated less seriously.
4. All relevant consultation documentation, including the consultation paper, equality screening form and report on the summary of responses can be accessed through the Department of Justice website at Justice-NI/Consultations.
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